# VPSIG9.60 Do not remove or modify this line, otherwise this file will not be recognized as a vortex project file
[General Project Information]
ProjectTitle="Malay Tapir PHVA Baseline" # Project Title
ProjectPath="Cü\Program Files\Vortex\tapirs" # Project Working Path
ProjectNotes="Baseline model data compiled at the Population and Habitat Viability Assessment (PHVA) Workshop, held at Krau Wildlife Reserve, Malaysia. Workshop organized by the IUCN/SSC Tapir Specialist Group. For detailed information about the base line model and parameters used, please consult the report."
Users={"Phil Miller"}
NumScene="1" # Number of Scenarios (Do not modify !!!)
SpecialOptions0="0" # Show Symbols option
SpecialOptions1="0" # Translocate option
SpecialOptions1txt=Empty # Translocate option
SpecialOptions2="0" # Exclude last pop option
SpecialOptions3="0" # No dispersal into saturated pop option
SpecialOptions4="0" # Extinction = Decline option
SpecialOptions5="0" # Output all animals option
SpecialOptions6="0" # Census file option
SpecialOptions6txt=Empty # Census file option
SpecialOptions7="0" # Clear Lines option
SpecialOptions8="0" # Max K option
SpecialOptions8txt=Empty # Max K option
SpecialOptionsUndoc=Empty # Undocumented options
[Project Report]
ReportLocation="Malay Tapir PHVA Baseline_report.rtf" # File path of the report
[ST Data]
ST.NumItems="0" # Number of items in the ST Scheme
[1 Scenario Notes]
ScenarioNotes={"General baseline model included here, with primary data sources coming from field work of Leonardo Salas and Chuck Foerster on Central American tapirs, and zoo records from captive animals.";"Initial baseline model includes relatively small number of iterations for testing purposes.";"We opted for a time span of 100 years as it is far enough into the future to decrease the chances of omitting a yet unknown event, but also not too short to fail to observe a slowly developing event.";Empty;"We're modeling a single population here for the purposes of initial analysis.";Empty;"{\rtf1\ansi\ansicpg1252\deff0\deflang1033{\fonttbl{\f0\fnil\fcharset0 MS Sans Serifı}} \viewkind4\uc1\pard\f0\fs17 \par }";Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty: "We do not have any evidence of inbreeding depression from wild or captive tapir populations, so the decision was made to exclude this element from the current set of analyses.";Empty;Empty;"{\rtf1\ansi\ansicpg1252\deff0\deflang1033{\fonttbl{\f0\fnil\fcharset0 MS Sans Serifı}} \viewkind4\uc1\pard\f0\fs17 \par }";"{\rtf1\ansi\ansicpg1252\deff0\deflang1033{\fonttbl{\f0\fnil\fcharset0 MS Sans Serifı}} \viewkind4\uc1\pard\f0\fs17 \par }";"No catastrophic events included in baseline model...tapirs thought to be relatively immune from such events. Gradual (and usually rapid) decline in forest availability modeled separately";Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty: Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty: Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty: "Although current direct and indirect field data from the Americas and from camera traps in SE Asia indicate that tapirs and probably facultatively polygynous, we modeled it here as monogamous since VORTEX is not spatially explicit and polygyny would suggest a panmicitc system which is not realistic.";"Malay tapirs can begin breeding in zoos at age 4. Baird's tapirs reach sexual maturity around age 3, but we assume that natural conditions will impose a toll of growth and achieving breeding status.";Empty;"Average age of last reproduction estimated by Robinson and Redford (1986) as 23.5 years. Max longevity in zoo at 29.3 years (Dallas).";"Twins are very rare, and tapirs really only produce one calf per parturition.";"No evidence for skewed sex ratios among newborns. Records from Zoo Negara in Malaysia show 50% ratio.";"We assume the presence of an Allee effect where mates would have marked difficulty finding each other at low densities. We assume an interbirth interval of about 20 months, based on zoo and wild animal observations.";Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty: "Density dependence formula. No real data available for EV estimate...given their large body size and low reproductive rate, it is expected that Malay tapirs would show little annual variability, similar to their American relatives (Robinson and Redford, 1986)";Empty;Empty;"No data for wild Malay tapirs, and only limited field data for Baird's tapir (C. Foerster). Robinson and Redford (1986) assume less than 20% survival to reproductive age. Relatively high mortality in newborns, and evidence of risk-prone behavior in sub-adults.";Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty: "No real data on Malay tapir mortality...used some data from Central American species, and general theoretical notions of typical survivorship curves for species like tapirs. Assume only about 40% of newborns survive to reproduce";Empty;"{\rtf1\ansi\ansicpg1252\deff0\deflang1033{\fonttbl{\f0\fnil\fcharset0 MS Sans Serifı}} \viewkind4\uc1\pard\f0\fs17 \par }";Empty;"{\rtf1\ansi\ansicpg1252\deff0\deflang1033{\fonttbl{\f0\fnil\fcharset0 MS Sans Serifı}} \viewkind4\uc1\pard\f0\fs17 \par }";Empty;"{\rtf1\ansi\ansicpg1252\deff0\deflang1033{\fonttbl{\f0\fnil\fcharset0 MS Sans Serifı}} \viewkind4\uc1\pard\f0\fs17 \par }";Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty: Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty: Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty: Empty;"Fairly arbitrary N(0) for illustration...we assumed in many of our initial models that N(0) = 0.6K.";Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty: "Here we assume an initial K of 500 animals, but with a gradual decline through habitat loss. Final K at end of simulation = 100.";Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty: Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty: Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty: Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty} # Scenario Notes in RTF format
[1 Simulation Settings]
ScenarioName="Malay Tapir PHVA Baseline" # Scenario name
NumIter="500" # Number of iterations/simulations
NumYears="100" # Number of years
ExtinctDef0="True" # Extinction definition 0 (one of ExtinctDef0 and ExtinctDef1 *must* be FALSE and the other must be TRUE)
ExtinctDef1="False" # Extinction definition 1
CriticalSize="30000" # Critical size
NumPop="1" # Number of populations
[1 Species Description]
InbreedDepress="0" # Inbreeding depression?
LethalEquiv="3.14" # Lethal equivalents
PercentLethal="50" # Percent due to recessive lethals
EVConcord="0" # EV concordance?
NumCatast="0" # Number of types of catastrophes
EV="0.5" # EV Correlation
DispYoung="1" # Lower age for dispersal
DispOld="5" # Upper age for dispersal
DispFemales="1" # Females disperse?
DispMales="1" # Males disperse?
PercentDispSurvive="50" # % survival of dispersers
DensDispersal="=D*1" # Minimum density for dispersal
[1 Population Labels]
NumPopStateVars="2" # Num Population State Vars?
PopLabels={"Population 1": Empty: Empty} # Population Labels
OutbreakModelLink="0" # Link to Outbreak?
OutbreakFileLink=Empty # Outbreak project file
SpatialModelLink="0" # Link to Spatial?
SpatialFileLink=Empty # Spatial project file
SpatialSteps=Empty # Num Spatial steps
NumIndivStateVars=Empty # Num Individual State Vars?
IndivStateVars={Empty;Empty;Empty;Empty} # Individual State Vars
NumMetaModelLinks="0" # Num Meta Model Links?
OtherMetaModels={Empty;Empty;Empty} # Other Meta Models
[1 Dispersal Rates]
DispRates={"100";Empty: Empty;"100"} # Dispersal rates
[1 Reproductive System]
Monogamous="True" # Monogamous?
Polygamous="False" # Polygamous?
Hermaphroditic="False" # Hermaphroditic?
LTMonogamous="False" # Long Term Monogamous?
LTPolygamous="False" # Long Term Polygamous?
AgeReproF="5" # Age of first reproduction for females
AgeReproM="5" # Age of first reproduction for males
AgeRepro="24" # Maximum age of reproduction
MaxProgeny="1" # Maximum number progeny per year
SexRatio="50" # Sex Ratio
ReproSys={"True": "60": "60": "2.5": "0"} # Density dependent reproduction
[1 Reproductive Rates]
RepRates1={"=(60-((60-60)*((N/K)^0)))*(N/(2.5+N))": "6"} # % Adult Females Breeding / EV in % Breeding
UseMean0="False" # Use mean and SD?
UseMean1="True" # Use mean and SD?
RepRates2={Empty: Empty} # Mean/Standard Deviation
RepRates3={Empty} # Full specification [1-n Offspring]
[1 Mortality]
MortFemales={"15": "5": "10": "2": "15": "3": "20": "5": "20": "5": "5": "1"} # Females
MortMales={"15": "5": "10": "2": "15": "3": "20": "5": "20": "5": "5": "1"} # Males
[1 Catastrophes]
CatastropheLabels={Empty}
Catastrophes1={"Global": "10"}
Catastrophes2={"1": "1"}
[1 Monopolization]
DegMonop={"100": "15.8": "1.1"} # % Males in Breeding Pool / % Males Successfully Siring Offspring / % Mean # Offspring/Successful Sire
[1 Initial Population Size]
StartWith0="True" # Stable age distribution? 0
StartWith1="False" # Stable age distribution? 1
InitPopStable={"300"} # Initial population size
InitPopFemale={"9": "9": "8": "6": "6": "5": "6": "6": "5": "6": "6": "6": "6": "5": "6": "6": "6": "6": "6": "6": "6": "7": "6": "6"} # Female ages
InitPopMale={"9": "9": "8": "6": "6": "5": "6": "6": "5": "6": "6": "6": "6": "5": "6": "6": "6": "6": "6": "6": "6": "7": "6": "6"} # Male ages
[1 Carrying Capacity]
CarryingCap1={"=500-(4*Y)": Empty} # Carrying Capacity (k) / SD in K Due to EV
CarryingCap2={"False": Empty: Empty} # Trend in K? / Over how many years? / % annual increase decrease?
[1 Harvest]
Harvest={"False": Empty: Empty: Empty: Empty} # Harvest Population? / First Year of Harvest / Last Year of Harvest / Interval Between Harvests
HarvestF={Empty: Empty: Empty: Empty: Empty} # Female harvest [Age 1-n harvested]
HarvestM={Empty: Empty: Empty: Empty: Empty} # Male harvest [Age 1-n harvested]
[1 Supplementation]
Suppl={"False": Empty: Empty: Empty: Empty} # Supplement Population? / First Year of Supplement / Last Year of Supplement / Interval Between Supplements
SupplF={Empty: Empty: Empty: Empty: Empty} # Female Supplement [Age 1-n Supplemented]
SupplM={Empty: Empty: Empty: Empty: Empty} # Male Supplement [Age 1-n Supplemented]
[1 Genetic Management]
ImportStudbookFile="0" # ImportStudbookFile?
StudbookFile=Empty # StudbookFile?
NumNeutralLoci="1" # NumNeutralLoci?
ImportAlleleFreqsFile="0" # ImportAlleleFreqsFile?
AlleleFreqsFile=Empty # AlleleFreqsFile?
BreedMaintainK="0" # BreedMaintainK?
PreventMatingsF="0" # PreventMatingsF?
PreventMatingsFValue="0.125" # PreventMatingsFValue?
PairMeanKinship="0" # PairMeanKinship?
PairMeanKinshipDynamic="True" # PairMeanKinshipDynamic?
PairMeanKinshipStatic="False" # PairMeanKinshipStatic?
MaxNumMates=Empty # MaxNumMates?
PairingLimitation=Empty # PairingLimitation?
NumTriesFindMate=Empty # NumTriesFindMate?
OutputGenePop="0" # OutputGenePop?
OutputAlleleFreqFile="0" # OutputAlleleFreqFile?